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Climatic influences on species: Evidence from the fossil record

Trends in Ecology and Evolution

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Abstract

The detailed Neogene and Quaternary paleoclimatic reconstructions now available provide a means to test how species respond to environmental change. Paleontologic studies of marine organisms show that climatic change causes evolution (via cladogenesis and anagenesis), ecophenotypic variation, migration, morphologic stasis and extinction. Evolution during climatic change is a rare event relative to the number of climatic cycles that have occurred, but climate-related environmental barriers, usually temperature, may play an important role in the isolation of populations during allopatric speciation.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Climatic influences on species: Evidence from the fossil record
Series title:
Trends in Ecology and Evolution
Volume
5
Issue:
9
Year Published:
1990
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Trends in Ecology and Evolution
First page:
275
Last page:
279
Number of Pages:
5