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Morphodynamic signature of the 1985 hurricane impacts on the northern Gulf of Mexico

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Abstract

Three hurricanes hit Lousiana (LA), Mississippi (MS), Alabama (AL), and the Florida (FL) panhandle in 1985, producing dramatic geomorphic changes in a wide variety of coastal environments. The impact zone for hurricanes Danny, Elena, and Juan stretched 1000 km between the Sabine River in LA to the Apalachicola River in FL. Barrier shorelines experienced repeated intense overwash events, producing beach and dune erosion exceeding 30 m, as well as producing classic examples of storm surge deposits. Pre- and post-storm airborne videotape surveys, sequential vertical mapping photography, and field surveys provide the data base for this regional hurricane impact assessment on the northern Gulf of Mexico. Hurricane impacts on the low-profile and high-profile barrier shorelines, as well as on the marine terrace cliffs were systematic and predictable. Controlling the direction of overwash flow and the impact distribution pattern is the relationship among shoreline orientation, hurricane storm track, and regional wind field. The relationship between shore-zone geomorphology and storm surge overwash controls the impact response.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Conference Paper
Publication Subtype:
Conference Paper
Title:
Morphodynamic signature of the 1985 hurricane impacts on the northern Gulf of Mexico
Volume
5
Issue:
pt5
Year Published:
1989
Language:
English
Publisher:
Publ by ASCE
Publisher location:
New York, NY, United States
Larger Work Title:
Coastal Zone: Proceedings of the Symposium on Coastal and Ocean Management
First page:
4220
Last page:
4234
Conference Title:
Coastal Zone '89: Proceedings of the Sixth Symposium on Coastal and Ocean Management
Conference Location:
Charleston, SC, USA
Conference Date:
11 July 1989 through 14 July 1989