Two flooding experiments were conducted at two sites with different soils to study the transport and fate of the commonly used herbicide atrazine and inorganic chemicals in the Great Bend Prairie croplands of south-central Kansas. The instantaneous profile method supplemented by the use of an organic (atrazine) and an inorganic (bromide) tracer chemical was used to characterize in situ the hydraulic and chemical properties of the appropriately instrumented field sites. Atrazine readily degraded to hydroxyatrazine and biodegradation by-products and was not detected deeper in the soil profile and underlying shallow aquifer. The classical processes of chemical movement based on porous media-equilibrium-diffuse flow did not fit the data well at either site. Incompletely mixed, slug flow appeared to predominate at one of the sites and preferential flow at the other. The slug movement caused 'piston-type' displacement of more saline solutions in the soil profile to the shallow water table. Recommendations for conducting related field studies based on our sampling experience are given. ?? 1990.
Additional Publication Details
Movement and fate of atrazine and bromide in central Kansas croplands