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Seismic-wave attenuation associated with crustal faults in the New Madrid seismic zone

Science

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Abstract

The attenuation of upper crustal seismic waves that are refracted with a velocity of about 6 kilometers per second varies greatly among profiles in the area of the New Madrid seismic zone in the central Mississippi Valley. The waves that have the strongest attenuation pass through the seismic trend along the axis of the Reelfoot rift in the area of the Blytheville arch. Defocusing of the waves in a low-velocity zone and/ or seismic scattering and absorption could cause the attenuation; these effects are most likely associated with the highly deformed rocks along the arch. Consequently, strong seismic-wave attenuation may be a useful criterion for identifying seismogenic fault zones.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Seismic-wave attenuation associated with crustal faults in the New Madrid seismic zone
Series title:
Science
Volume
248
Issue:
4953
Year Published:
1990
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
First page:
351
Last page:
354
Number of Pages:
4