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Variations in fault slip and strain accumulation at Parkfield, California: initial results using two-color geodimeter measurements 1984-1988

Journal of Geophysical Research

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Abstract

Repeated length measurements of several geodetic baselines near Parkfield, California, have revealed significant variations in the local rates of shallow fault slip and strain. This network of baselines, surveyed several times each week, straddles the San Andreas fault in the transition zone between the creeping section to the northwest and the locked section to the southeast. Principal mode analysis of the length change data indicates that the two largest components of the signal are (1) secular extensions and contractions consistent with surface slip on the main strand of the San Andreas fault, and (2) a large seasonal oscillation with no obvious spatial coherence. On most of these baselines, the second component appears to be in phase with seasonal rainfall. An interesting conclusion from the two-color data is that surface slip on the San Andreas fault appears to be spread over a 2-km-wide zone on the south flank of the Middle Mountain but is confined to a very narrow zone to the south as the fault passes through the center of the network. -from Authors

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Variations in fault slip and strain accumulation at Parkfield, California: initial results using two-color geodimeter measurements 1984-1988
Series title:
Journal of Geophysical Research
Volume
95
Issue:
B3
Year Published:
1990
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Journal of Geophysical Research
First page:
2533
Last page:
2552