The results of five zircon fission-track ages of volcanic tuffs intercalated within the continental deposits of the Bagua syncline (northern Peru) are reported. These 2500-meter-thick deposits overlie mid-Campanian to lower Maastrichtian fine-grained red beds (Fundo El Triunfo Formation). The disconformable fluvial conglomerates of the Rentema Formation are associated with a 54 Ma tuff (upper Paleocene-lower Eocene?) and would reflect the Inca-1 tectonic phase. The Sambimera Formation (Eocene to mid-Miocene) is a coarsening-upward sequence (from lacustrine to fluvial) that contains three volcanic tuffs of 31, 29, and 12 Ma, respectively. A probable stratigraphic gap, upper Eocene-lower Oligocene, would be related to the late Eocene Inca-2 phase. Neither deformation nor sedimentary discontinuity has been recognized so far. However, the lacustrine to fluvial transition could relate to the late Oligocene Aymara tectonic phase. The unconformable fanglomerates and fluvial deposits of the San Antonio Formation contain in their upper part a 9 Ma tuff (mid-to upper Miocene), and thier base records a major tectonic event (Quechua-2 phase?). The unconformable fanglomerates of the Tambopara Formation date the folding of the Bagua syncline, which could be ascribed to the latest Miocene Quechua-3 tectonics. These formations are correlative with comparable deposits in the sub-Andean basins, suggesting that these eastern areas underwent strong tectonic subsidence of the foreland basin type since mid-Miocene times. ?? 1991.
Additional Publication Details
Tertiary fission-track ages from the Bagua syncline (northern Peru): Stratigraphic and tectonic implications