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Identification of plant megafossils in Pennsylvanian-age coal

Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology

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DOI: 10.1016/0034-6667(89)90024-9

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Abstract

Criteria are provided for identification of certain Pennsylvanian-age plant megafossils directly from coal based on their characteristic anatomical structures as documented from etched polished coal surfaces in comparison with other modes of preservation. Lepidophloios hallii periderm, Diaphorodendron periderm, an Alethopteris pinnule, and a Cordaites leaf were studied in material in continuity with adjacent permineralized peat (carbonate coal-ballas). Calamites wood in attachment to a pitch cast and a Psaronius stem in coal in attachment to a fusinitized Psaronius inner root mantle were studied. Sigillaria was identified in coal by comparison to its structure in permineralized peat. Other plant tissues with characteristic structures were found but could not be attributed to specific plants. ?? 1989.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Identification of plant megafossils in Pennsylvanian-age coal
Series title:
Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology
DOI:
10.1016/0034-6667(89)90024-9
Volume
57
Issue:
3-4
Year Published:
1989
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology
First page:
265
Last page:
276
Number of Pages:
12