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A note on the frictional strength of laumontite from Cajon Pass, California

Geophysical Research Letters

By:
and

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Abstract

Laumontite mineralization is pervasive in joints and shear zones encountered in the Cajon Pass drillhole in southern California. In order to determine whether a gouge composed of this hydrated mineral affects shear strength in a manner similar to low-strength, clay-rich fault gouges, frictional sliding experiments were performed under dry, saturated and high pore pressure conditions at effective pressures up to 450 MPa. Coefficients of friction ranged between 0.66 and 0.84, consistent with most crustal rocks and well above the values typical of clay-rich San Andreas fault gouges. Saturation state had no effect on strength or sliding stability. These results suggest that the presence of laumontite in shear zones at Cajon Pass will not affect the shear strength of the rock in a way that can account for the inferred low ambient shear stresses. -Authors

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
A note on the frictional strength of laumontite from Cajon Pass, California
Series title:
Geophysical Research Letters
Volume
18
Issue:
2
Year Published:
1991
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Geophysical Research Letters
First page:
211
Last page:
214