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Creep, compaction and the weak rheology of major faults

Nature

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Abstract

Field and laboratory observations suggest that the porosity within fault zones varies over earthquake cycles so that fluid pressure is in long-term equilibrium with hydrostatic fluid pressure in the country rock. Between earthquakes, ductile creep compacts the fault zone, increasing fluid pressure, and finally allowing frictional failure at relatively low shear stress. Earthquake faulting restores porosity and decreases fluid pressure to below hydrostatic. This mechanism may explain why major faults, such as the San Andreas system, are weak.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Creep, compaction and the weak rheology of major faults
Series title:
Nature
Volume
359
Issue:
6397
Year Published:
1992
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Nature
First page:
687
Last page:
692
Number of Pages:
6