An extremely low U Pb source in the Moon: UThPb, SmNd, RbSr, and 40Ar 39Ar isotopic systematics and age of lunar meteorite Asuka 881757

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta

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We have undertaken UThPb, SmNd, RbSr, and 40Ar 39Ar isotopic studies on Asuka 881757, a coarse-grained basaltic lunar meteorite whose chemical composition is close to low-Ti and very low-Ti (VLT) mare basalts. The PbPb internal isochron obtained for acid leached residues of separated mineral fractions yields an age of 3940 ?? 28 Ma, which is similar to the U-Pb (3850 ?? 150 Ma) and Th-Pb (3820 ?? 290 Ma) internal isochron ages. The Sm-Nd data for the mineral separates yield an internal isochron age of 3871 ?? 57 Ma and an initial 143Nd 144Nd value of 0.50797 ?? 10. The Rb-Sr data yield an internal isochron age of 3840 ?? 32 Ma (??(87Rb) = 1.42 ?? 10-11 yr-1) and a low initial 87Sr 86Sr ratio of 0.69910 ?? 2. The 40Ar 39Ar age spectra for a glass fragment and a maskelynitized plagioclase are relatively flat and give a weighted mean plateau age of 3798 ?? 12 Ma. We interpret these ages to indicate that the basalt crystallized from a melt 3.87 Ga ago (the Sm-Nd age) and an impact event disturbed the Rb-Sr system and completely reset the K-Ar system at 3.80 Ga. The slightly higher Pb-Pb age compared to the Sm-Nd age could be due to the secondary Pb (from terrestrial and/or lunar surface Pb contamination) that remained in the residues after acid leaching. Alternatively, the following interpretation is also possible; the meteorite crystallized at 3.94 Ga (the Pb-Pb age) and the Sm-Nd, Rb-Sr, and K-Ar systems were disturbed by an impact event at 3.80 Ga. The crystallization age obtained here is older than those reported for low-Ti basalts (3.2-3.5 Ga) and for VLT basalts (3.4 Ga), but similar to ages of some mare basalts, indicating that the basalt may have formed from a magma related to a basin-forming event (Imbrium?). The age span for VLT basalts from different sampling sites suggest that they were erupted over a wide area during an interval of at least ~500 million years. The impact event that thermally reset the K-Ar system of Asuka 881757 must have been post-Imbrium (perhaps Orientale) in age. The lead isotopic composition of Asuka 881757 is nonradiogenic compared with typical Apollo mare basalts and the estimated 238U 204Pb (??) value for the basalt source is 10 ?? 3. This source-?? value is the lowest so far measured for lunar rocks. A large positive ??{lunate}Nd value (7.4 ?? 0.5) and the time averaged 147Sm 144Nd ratio for the basalt source are similar to those for some Apollo 12, 15, and 17 basalts, suggesting a LREE-depleted mantle, which is consistent with the global magma ocean hypothesis. The U-Th-Pb, Sm-Nd, and Rb-Sr data on Asuka 881757 suggest that the basalt was derived from a low U Pb, low Rb Sr, and high Sm Nd source region, mainly composed of olivine and orthopyroxene with minor amounts of plagioclase (or clinopyroxene) and with sulfides enriched in volatile chalcophile elements. The basalt source may be deep in origin and different in chemistry from those previously estimated from studies of Apollo and Luna mare basalts, indicating heterogeneous sources for mare basalts. ?? 1993.

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An extremely low U Pb source in the Moon: UThPb, SmNd, RbSr, and 40Ar 39Ar isotopic systematics and age of lunar meteorite Asuka 881757
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Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
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