Real-time data collection of scour at bridges



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The record flood on the Mississippi River during the summer of 1993 provided a rare opportunity to collect data on scour of the streambed at bridges and to test data collection equipment under extreme hydraulic conditions. Detailed bathymetric and hydraulic information were collected at two bridges crossing the Mississippi River during the rising limb, near the peak, and during the recession of the flood. Bathymetric data were collected using a digital echo sounder. Three-dimensional velocities were collected using Broadband Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers (BB-ADCP) operating at 300 kilohertz (kHz), 600 kHz, and 1,200 kHz. Positioning of the data collected was measured using a range-azimuth tracking system and two global positioning systems (GPS). Although differential GPS was able to provide accurate positions and tracking information during approach- and exit-reach data collection, it was unable to maintain lock on a sufficient number of satellites when the survey vessel was under the bridge or near the piers. The range-azimuth tracking system was used to collect position and tracking information for detailed data collection near the bridge piers. These detailed data indicated local scour ranging from 3 to 8 meters and will permit a field-based evaluation of the ability of various numerical models to compute the hydraulics, depth, geometry, and time-dependent development of local scour.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Conference Paper
Publication Subtype:
Conference Paper
Real-time data collection of scour at bridges
Year Published:
Publ by ASCE
Publisher location:
New York, NY, United States
First page:
Last page:
Number of Pages:
Conference Title:
Proceedings of the Symposium on Fundamentals and Advancements in Hydraulic Measurements and Experimentation
Conference Location:
Buffalo, NY, USA
Conference Date:
1 August 1994 through 5 August 1994