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The northern Nevada rift: regional tectono-magmatic relations and Middle Miocene stress direction

Geological Society of America Bulletin

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Abstract

As defined by the most recent aeromagnetic surveys, the north-northwest-trending northern Nevada rift zone extends for at least 500km from southern Nevada to the Oregon-Nevada border. At several places along the rift, the magnetic anomaly is clearly related to north-northwest-trending dikes and flows that erupted between 17 and 14 Ma. The tectonic significance of the rift is dramatized by its length, its coincidence in time and space with the oldest silicic caldera complex along the Yellowstone hotspot trend, and its parallelism with the subduction zone along the North American coast prior to the establishment of the San Andreas fault. The northern Nevada rift is also equivalent in age, trend, and composition to feeder dikes that fed the main eruptive pulse of the Columbia River flood basalts in northern Oregon ~15.6-16.5 Ma. Because of these similarities, both regions are considered to be part of an enormous lithospheric rift that propagated rapidly south-southeast and north-northwest, respectively, from a central mantle plume. The present north-northwest trend of the rift reflects the state of stress in the Basin and Range during middle Miocene time and is consistent with stress indicators of similar age throughout the Basin and Range Rio Grande rift provinces. -from Authors

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
The northern Nevada rift: regional tectono-magmatic relations and Middle Miocene stress direction
Series title:
Geological Society of America Bulletin
Volume
106
Issue:
3
Year Published:
1994
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Geological Society of America Bulletin
First page:
371
Last page:
382
Number of Pages:
12