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Geodetic slip rate for the eastern California shear zone and the recurrence time of Mojave desert earthquakes

Nature

By:
, , , and
DOI: 10.1038/367264a0

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Abstract

Where the San Andreas fault passes along the southwestern margin of the Mojave desert, it exhibits a large change in trend, and the deformation associated with the Pacific/North American plate boundary is distributed broadly over a complex shear zone. The importance of understanding the partitioning of strain across this region, especially to the east of the Mojave segment of the San Andreas in a region known as the eastern California shear zone (ECSZ), was highlighted by the occurrence (on 28 June 1992) of the magnitude 7.3 Landers earthquake in this zone. Here we use geodetic observations in the central Mojave desert to obtain new estimates for the rate and distribution of strain across a segment of the ECSZ, and to determine a coseismic strain drop of ~770 ??rad for the Landers earthquake. From these results we infer a strain energy recharge time of 3,500-5,000 yr for a Landers-type earthquake and a slip rate of ~12 mm yr-1 across the faults of the central Mojave. The latter estimate implies that a greater fraction of plate motion than heretofore inferred from geodetic data is accommodated across the ECSZ.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Geodetic slip rate for the eastern California shear zone and the recurrence time of Mojave desert earthquakes
Series title:
Nature
DOI:
10.1038/367264a0
Volume
367
Issue:
6460
Year Published:
1994
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Nature
First page:
264
Last page:
266
Number of Pages:
3