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Problems with indirect determinations of peak streamflows in steep, desert stream channels

By:
and

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Abstract

Many peak streamflow values used in flood analyses for desert areas are derived using the Manning equation. Data used in the equation are collected after the flow has subsided, and peak flow is thereby determined indirectly. Most measurement problems and associated errors in peak-flow determinations result from (1) channel erosion or deposition that cannot be discerned or properly evaluated after the fact, (2) unsteady and non-uniform flow that rapidly changes in magnitude, and (3) appreciable sediment transport that has unknown effects on energy dissipation. High calculated velocities and Froude numbers are unacceptable to some investigators. Measurement results could be improved by recording flows with a video camera, installing a recording stream gage and recording rain gages, measuring channel scour with buried chains, analyzing measured data by multiple techniques, and supplementing indirect measurements with direct measurements of stream velocities in similar ephemeral streams.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Conference Paper
Publication Subtype:
Conference Paper
Title:
Problems with indirect determinations of peak streamflows in steep, desert stream channels
ISBN:
0784400377
Issue:
pt 1
Year Published:
1994
Language:
English
Publisher:
Publ by ASCE
Publisher location:
New York, NY, United States
Larger Work Title:
Proceedings - National Conference on Hydraulic Engineering
First page:
635
Last page:
639
Conference Title:
Proceedings of the 1994 ASCE National Conference on Hydraulic Engineering
Conference Location:
Buffalo, NY, USA
Conference Date:
1 August 1994 through 5 August 1994