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Rare earth element concentrations in geological and synthetic samples using synchrotron X-ray fluorescence analysis

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms

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, , , , , , , , and
DOI: 10.1016/0168-583X(93)95718-K

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Abstract

The concentrations of rare earth elements (REEs) in specific mineral grains from the Bayan Obo ore deposit and synthetic high-silica glass samples have been measured by synchrotron X-ray fluorescence (SXRF) analysis using excitation of the REE K lines between 33 and 63 keV. Because SXRF, a nondestructive analytical technique, has much lower minimum detection limits (MDLs) for REEs, it is an important device that extends the in situ analytical capability of electron probe microanalysis (EPMA). The distribution of trace amounts of REEs in common rock-forming minerals, as well as in REE minerals and minerals having minor quantities of REEs, can be analyzed with SXRF. Synchrotron radiation from a bending magnet and a wiggler source at the National Synchrotron Light Source, Brookhaven National Laboratory, was used to excite the REEs. MDLs of 6 ppm (La) to 26 ppm (Lu) for 3600 s in 60-??m-thick standard samples were obtained with a 25-??m diameter wiggler beam. The MDLs for the light REEs were a factor of 10-20 lower than the MDLs obtained with a bending magnet beam. The SXRF REE concentrations in mineral grains greater than 25 ??m compared favorably with measurements using EPMA. Because EPMA offered REE MDLs as low as several hundred ppm, the comparison was limited to the abundant light REEs (La, Ce, Pr, Nd). For trace values of medium and heavy REEs, the SXRF concentrations were in good agreement with measurements using instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA), a bulk analysis technique. ?? 1993.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Rare earth element concentrations in geological and synthetic samples using synchrotron X-ray fluorescence analysis
Series title:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
DOI:
10.1016/0168-583X(93)95718-K
Volume
75
Issue:
1-4
Year Published:
1993
Language:
English
Publisher:
Elsevier
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
First page:
576
Last page:
581