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Selected precipitation characteristics in Antelope Valley, Mojave Desert, CA

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Abstract

An urban hydrology study currently in progress in Antelope Valley, California, includes the collection and analyses of precipitation and runoff data. Storms in Antelope Valley are most prevalent during the months of December, January, February, and March, but major storms have occurred during all months of the year except April, June, and July. The areal distribution of precipitation in the valley is influenced by the San Gabriel and Tehachapi Mountains. The rapid change in precipitation intensity with altitude causes large variations in precipitation amounts in basins of close proximity. An analysis of storm-precipitation intensity-duration data for 6 storms during 1938-92 indicates that duration of storm activity ranges from 1 to 4 days, depending on the intensity of the storm. Runoff from a completely urbanized basin averaged 27 percent of precipitation volume for 13 storms from 1989 to 1992. Significant valley-wide storms were recorded in 1943 and 1983 with 1-day precipitation amounts of as much as 5.00 inches; recurrence intervals for storms in those 2 years ranged from 11 to more than 100 years. The February 1992 storm, with 1-day precipitation of 1.51 inches at Palmdale, has a recurrence interval of 3 years. The February 1992 storm produced flooding in Palmdale and Lancaster.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Conference Paper
Publication Subtype:
Conference Paper
Title:
Selected precipitation characteristics in Antelope Valley, Mojave Desert, CA
ISBN:
087262921X
Year Published:
1993
Language:
English
Publisher:
Publ by ASCE
Publisher location:
New York, NY, United States
Larger Work Title:
Proceedings of the Symposium on Engineering Hydrology
First page:
7
Last page:
12
Number of Pages:
6
Conference Title:
Proceedings of the Symposium on Engineering Hydrology
Conference Location:
San Francisco, CA, USA
Conference Date:
25 July 1993 through 30 July 1993