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Postseismic rebound in fault step-overs caused by pore fluid flow

Science

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Abstract

Near-field strain induced by large crustal earthquakes results in changes in pore fluid pressure that dissipate with time and produce surface deformation. Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) interferometry revealed several centimeters of postseismic uplift in pull-apart structures and subsidence in a compressive jog along the Landers, California, 1992 earthquake surface rupture, with a relaxation time of 270 ?? 45 days. Such a postseismic rebound may be explained by the transition of the Poisson's ratio of the deformed volumes of rock from undrained to drained conditions as pore fluid flow allows pore pressure to return to hydrostatic equilibrium.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Postseismic rebound in fault step-overs caused by pore fluid flow
Series title:
Science
Volume
273
Issue:
5279
Year Published:
1996
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
First page:
1202
Last page:
1204
Number of Pages:
3