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Source, movement and age of groundwater in the upper part of the Mojave River Basin, California, USA

IAHS-AISH Publication

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Abstract

Water samples from wells were collected and analysed for oxygen-18, deuterium, tritium, carbon-14, and carbon-13 to determine the source, movement and age of groundwater in the upper part of the Mojave River basin. Water in the alluvial aquifer has a median deuterium composition of -66??? and contains tritium, and was recently recharged by water from the Mojave River. Water in the regional aquifer near the Mojave River, near Summit Valley, and underlying several small washes has deuterium compositions heavier than -60???. Although some water in the regional aquifer near the Mojave River contains tritium, most of this water does not contain tritium. Carbon-14 data indicate that this water was recharged less than 2400 years ago. Water in the remainder of the regional aquifer has a median deuterium composition of -84???, which is as much as 20??? lighter than the volume-weighted deuterium composition of present-day precipitation. These data show that this water was recharged under climatic conditions different from average conditions today. Carbon-14 data indicate that some water in the regional aquifer was recharged more than 20 000 years ago.Water samples from wells were collected and analyzed for oxygen-18, deuterium, tritium, carbon-14, and carbon-13 to determine the source, movement and age of groundwater in the upper part of the Mojave River basin. Water in the alluvial aquifer has a median deuterium composition of -66qq and contains tritium, and was recently recharged by water from the Mojave River. Water in the regional aquifer near the Mojave River, near Summit Valley, and underlying several small washes has deuterium compositions heavier than -60qq. Although some water in the regional aquifer near the Mojave River contains tritium, most of this water does not contain tritium. Carbon-14 data indicate that this water was recharged less than 2400 years ago. Water in the remainder of the regional aquifer has a median deuterium composition of -84qq, which is as much as 20qq lighter than the volume-weighted deuterium composition of present-day precipitation. These data show that this water was recharged under climatic conditions different from average conditions today. Carbon-14 data indicate that some water in the regional aquifer was recharged more than 20 000 years ago.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Source, movement and age of groundwater in the upper part of the Mojave River Basin, California, USA
Series title:
IAHS-AISH Publication
Issue:
232
Year Published:
1995
Language:
English
Publisher:
IAHS
Publisher location:
Wallingford, United Kingdom
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
First page:
43
Last page:
56
Number of Pages:
14
Conference Title:
Proceedings of the 1994 International Symposium on Application of Tracers in Arid Zone Hydrology
Conference Location:
Vienna, Italy
Conference Date:
22 August 1994 through 26 August 1994