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Rapid deformation of the south flank of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii

Science

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Abstract

The south flank of Kilauea volcano has experienced two large [magnitude (M) 7.2 and M 6.1] earthquakes in the past two decades. Global Positioning System measurements conducted between 1990 and 1993 reveal seaward displacements of Kilauea's central south flank at rates of up to about 10 centimeters per year. In contrast, the northern side of the volcano and the distal ends of the south flank did not displace significantly. The observations can be explained by slip on a low-angle fault beneath the south flank combined with dilation deep within Kilauea's rift system, both at rates of at least 15 centimeters per year.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Rapid deformation of the south flank of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii
Series title:
Science
Volume
267
Issue:
5202
Year Published:
1995
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
First page:
1328
Last page:
1332
Number of Pages:
5