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Effects of agricultural practices and vadose zone stratigraphy on nitrate concentration in ground water in Kansas, USA

By:
, ,
Edited by:
Straskraba M.
DOI: 10.1016/0273-1223(96)00234-X

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Abstract

Differences in nitrate-N concentrations in,around water in Kansas can be explained by variations in agricultural practices and vadose-zone stratigraphy. In northwestern Kansas, past use of a local stream for tailwater runoff from irrigation and high fertilizer applications for sugar-beet farming resulted in high nitrate-N concentrations (12-60 mg L-1; in both soil and ground water. Nitrogen isotope values from the soil and ground water range from +4 to +8? which is typical for a fertilizer source. In parts of south-central Kansas, the use of crop rotation and the presence of both continuous fine-textured layers and a reducing ground-water chemistry resulted in ground-water nitrate-N values of < 3 mg L-1. The effects of denitrification in the vadose zone and ground water are indicated by enriched ?? 15N values of +10 to +15?. At a site study, irrigated continuous corn was grown on sandy soils with discontinuous fine-textured layers. Here, nitrate-N concentrations were often > 10 mg L-1; in both soil and grounwater. Nitrogen isotope values of +3 to +7? indicate a fertilizer source. Crop rotation decreased nitrate-N values in the shallow ground water (9 m). However, deeper ground water showed increasing nitrate-N concentrations as a result of past farming practices.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Conference Paper
Publication Subtype:
Conference Paper
Title:
Effects of agricultural practices and vadose zone stratigraphy on nitrate concentration in ground water in Kansas, USA
DOI:
10.1016/0273-1223(96)00234-X
Volume
33
Issue:
4-5
Year Published:
1996
Language:
English
Publisher:
Pergamon Press Inc
Publisher location:
Tarrytown, NY, United States
First page:
219
Last page:
226
Number of Pages:
8
Conference Title:
Proceedings of the 1995 2nd IAWQ International Specialized Conference and Symposia on Diffuse Pollution
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Repub
Conference Date:
13 August 1995 through 18 August 1995