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The variability of PSV response spectra across a dense array deployed during the Northridge aftershock sequence

Earthquake Spectra

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Abstract

This study addresses the variability of pseudo-velocity response spectra across an array deployed on stiff soil in the San Fernando Valley during the Northridge (Mw 6.7) aftershock sequence. The separation between stations ranged from 0.5 to 5 km, and the aftershock magnitudes ranged from 2.3 to 4.0. We find that 95-percent of observed response spectra are within a factor of 1.9 to 2.6 of the network average. Statistically significant relative amplification factors were found for some of the sites, but the variability of observed response spectra is not significantly reduced by correcting for these effects. This implies that microzonation efforts on less than 5-km distance scales are not warranted at these types of sites. We also found a distance dependence for the response-spectral variability between neighboring sites. 95-percent are within a factor of ???2.3 at 0.5 km, increasing to 95-percent within a factor of ???4.2 at 5 km. No frequency dependence in these values could be resolved. Additional work is needed to examine the influence of other factors such as earthquake magnitude.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
The variability of PSV response spectra across a dense array deployed during the Northridge aftershock sequence
Series title:
Earthquake Spectra
Volume
13
Issue:
2
Year Published:
1997
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Earthquake Spectra
First page:
243
Last page:
257
Number of Pages:
15