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Geochemical characteristics and K-Ar ages of rare-metal bearing pegmatites from the Birimian of southeastern Ghana

Journal of African Earth Sciences

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Abstract

The pegmatite-aplite rocks at Mankwadzi (Ejisimanku Hills) in southeastern Ghana are part of the pegmatite district that extends from Cape Coast to Winneba along the Atlantic coastline. The pegmatites are associated with the Cape Coast granite complex and were intruded during the waning phase of the Eburnian Orogeny (???2.0 Ga). Three muscovite separates from pegmatite give K-Ar retention ages of 1909 ?? 13 Ma, 1965 ?? 13 Ma and 2019 ?? 14 Ma. A biotite separate from granite yields a K-Ar age of 1907 ?? 13 Ma. These ages are similar to K-Ar dates previously reported for the Cape Coast granites, indicating that the granites and pegmatites are coeval and probably genetically linked. The pegmatites are enriched in Li, Be, Nb and Sn and considerably impoverished in Rb, Th, Y and REEs. Microscopic examination of quartz from the pegmatites shows a large number of low salinity fluid inclusions that can be divided into two types: (1) one-phase liquid or gas-filled inclusions; and (2) two-phase liquid-vapour inclusions, with the vapour occupying 2-5% of the volume. The homogenisation temperature of the fluid inclusions clusters between 129 and 144??C. These homogenisation temperatures lead to an inferred entrapment temperature of ???300??C at a pressure of ???2.5 kbar, which is estimated for the metamorphism of host hornblende schists. The pegmatite fluid inclusions are interpreted as being secondary to the quartz hosts. ?? 1997 Elsevier Science Limited.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Geochemical characteristics and K-Ar ages of rare-metal bearing pegmatites from the Birimian of southeastern Ghana
Series title:
Journal of African Earth Sciences
Volume
24
Issue:
1-2
Year Published:
1997
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Journal of African Earth Sciences
First page:
1
Last page:
9
Number of Pages:
9