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Upper Cenozoic strata covering the Chesapeake Bay impact structure in southeastern Virginia record intermittent differential movement around its buried rim. Miocene strata in a graben detected by seismic surveys on the York River exhibit variable thickness and are deformed above the creater rim. Fan-like interformational and intraformational angular unconformities within Pliocene-Pleistocene strata, which strike parallel to the crater rim and dip 2-3?? away from the crater center, indicate that deformation and deposition were synchronous. Concentric, large-scale crossbedded, bioclastics and bodies of Pliocene age within ~20km of the buried crater rim formed on offshore shoals, presumably as subsiding listric slump blocks rotated near the crater rim.
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Postimpact deformation associated with the late Eocene Chesapeake Bay impact structure in southeastern Virginia