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The Cherokee basin in southeastern Kansas contains a stratigraphic section consisting mostly of Permian-Pennsylvanian alternating clastics and thin carbonates overlying carbonates of Mississippian and Cambrian-Ordovician age on a Precambrian crytalline basement. Based on a conceptual model of events of deposition, nondeposition, and erosion, a burial history model for (1) noncompaction, and a series of models for (2) compaction are computed for a borehole location in the south-central part of the basin. The models are copled with the calculation of nonsteady-state geothermal conditions. Maximum temperatures during basin evolution of about 70??C at the base of the organic-rich Pennsylvanian are predicted by our models, assuming pure heat conduction and a heat flow from the basement of 60 m W/m2. The maturation of organic matter as indicated by three different vitrinite reflectance (Ro) models is on the order og 0.3-0.5% Ro for Pennsylvanian rocks and 0.6% Ro for the Devonian-Mississippian Cattanooga Shale. Vitrinite reflectance was measured on subsurface smaples from three wells. The measured values correlate in the upper part of the sequence with modeled data, but diverge slightly in the Lower Pennsylvanian and Cattanooga Shale. The differences in maturation may be a result of differing local geological conditions within the basin. The relatively high Ro-depth gradients observed in one borehole may be explained by conditions in the Teeter oil field, which is a typical plains-type anticline that has been affected by fluid flow through vertical faults. Higher Ro values correlate positively with the grade of sulfidfe mineralization in the sediment, which may be a hint of fluid impact. The high Ro values relative to the shallow depth of the Mississippian and the Chattanooga Shale in the Brown well are on the order of Ro values modeled for the same stratigraphic units at present-day greater depths and may reflect uplift of the Ozark dome, located further east, affecting the eastern side of the Cherokee Basin.Based on a concept model of deposition, nondeposition and erosion, a burial history model for noncompaction, and a series of models for compaction are developed for a borehole location in a south-central part of the Cherokee basin in southeastern Kansas. Coupled with the calculation of nonsteady state-state geothermal conditions, the models predict maximum temperatures during evolution of about 70 ??C at the base of the organic-rich Pennsylvanian. A difference in organic matter maturation in the Pennsylvanian and the Chattanooga shale exhibited by vitrinite reflectance models indicate probably differing local geological conditions within the basin.
Additional Publication Details
Geohistory and thermal maturation in the Cherokee Basin (Mid-Continent, U.S.A.): results from modeling
American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin