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Geological implications of a permeability-depth curve for the continental crust

Geology

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Abstract

The decrease in permeability (k) of the continental crust with depth (z), as constrained by geothermal data and calculated fluid flux during metamorphism, is given by log k = -14 - 3.2 log z, where A is in meters squared and z is in kilometers. At moderate to great crustal depths (>???5 km), this curve is defined mainly by data from prograde metamorphic systems, and is thus applicable to orogenic belts where the crust is being thickened and/or heated; lower permeabilities may occur in stable cratonic regions. This k-z relation implies that typical metamorphic fluid flux values of ???10-11 m/s are consistent with fluid pressures significantly above hydrostatic values. The k-z curve also predicts that metamorphic CO2 flux from large orogens may be sufficient to cause significant climatic effects, if retrograde carbonation reactions are minimal, and suggests a significant capacity for diffuse degassing of Earth (1015-1016 g/yr) in tectonically active regions.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Geological implications of a permeability-depth curve for the continental crust
Series title:
Geology
Volume
27
Issue:
12
Year Published:
1999
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
First page:
1107
Last page:
1110
Number of Pages:
4