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Use of nitrogen isotopes to determine sources of nitrate contamination in two desert basins in California

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Abstract

Nitrogen-15/14 isotope ratios (??15N) were measured in groundwater, infiltrating wastewater, and natural uncontaminated soil to determine the source of high NO3- concentrations in two desert basins at Fort Irwin National Training Center in the Mojave Desert. The abundance and isotopic composition of dissolved nitrogen gas were measured in some of the groundwater samples to determine the effects of denitrification on the abundance and isotopic composition of the NO3-. Delta 15N-NO3 values in groundwaters most likely to include sewage effluent ranged from about 11 to 23???. Delta 15N values in groundwater not near sources of sewage effluent ranged from 6 to 11???, a range similar to that found in the overlying soils, which contain large concentrations of leachable NO3- presumed to be of natural origin. Some of the samples with relatively low NO3- concentrations and high ??15N values contained excess non-atmospheric nitrogen gas attributed to denitrification. These data indicate that high NO3- concentrations in groundwater unaffected by sewage effluent may result from leaching of naturally occurring nitrogen in desert soils, and that some of the NO3- may be removed by denitrification at the water table.Nitrogen-15/14 isotope ratios (??15N) were measured in groundwater, infiltrating wastewater, and natural uncontaminated soil to determine the source of high NO3- concentrations in two desert basins at Fort Irwin National Training Center in the Mojave Desert. The abundance and isotopic composition of dissolved nitrogen gas were measured in some of the groundwater samples to determine the effects of denitrification on the abundance and isotopic composition of the NO3-. Delta 15N-NO3 values in groundwaters most likely to include sewage effluent ranged from about 11 to 23 per mil. Delta 15N values in groundwater not near sources of sewage effluent ranged from 6 to 11 per mil, a range similar to that found in the overlying soils, which contain large concentrations of leachable NO3- presumed to be of natural origin. Some of the samples with relatively low NO3- concentrations and high ??15N values contained excess non-atmospheric nitrogen gas attributed to denitrification. These data indicate that high NO3- concentrations in groundwater unaffected by sewage effluent may result from leaching of naturally occurring nitrogen in desert soils, and that some of the NO3- may be removed by denitrification at the water table.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Conference Paper
Publication Subtype:
Conference Paper
Title:
Use of nitrogen isotopes to determine sources of nitrate contamination in two desert basins in California
Issue:
260
Year Published:
1999
Language:
English
Publisher:
IAHS
Publisher location:
Houston, TX, United States
Larger Work Title:
IAHS-AISH Publication
First page:
63
Last page:
73
Conference Title:
The 2nd International Symposium on Assessing and Managing Health Risks from Drinking Water Contamination: Approaches and Applications
Conference Location:
Santiago, Chile
Conference Date:
7 September 1998 through 10 September 1998