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Bird flight characteristics near wind turbines in Minnesota

American Midland Naturalist

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Abstract

During 1994-1995, we saw 70 species of birds on the Buffalo Ridge Wind Resource Area. In both years bird abundance peaked in spring. Red-winged blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus), mallards (Anas platyrhynchos), common grackles (Quiscalus quiscula), and barn swallows (Hirundo rustica) were the species most commonly seen. Most birds (82-84%) flew above or below the height range of wind turbine blades (22-55 m). The Buffalo Ridge Wind Resource Area poses little threat to resident or migrating birds at its current operating level.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Bird flight characteristics near wind turbines in Minnesota
Series title:
American Midland Naturalist
Volume
139
Issue:
1
Year Published:
1998
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
American Midland Naturalist
First page:
29
Last page:
38
Number of Pages:
10