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Health status and relative exposure of mule deer and white-tailed deer to soil contaminants at the rocky mountain arsenal

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

By:
, , , ,
DOI: 10.1897/1551-5028(1999)018<0272:HSAREO>2.3.CO;2

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Abstract

We evaluated the health of 18 radio-collared deer [13 mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) and 5 white-tailed deer (O. virginianus)] from the Rocky Mountain Arsenal, near Denver, Colorado, USA, a Superfund site contaminated with a variety of materials, including organochlorine pesticides, metals, and nerve gas production by-products. Radio-collared deer were tracked for 1 to 3 years (1989-1992) to identify relative exposure to contaminants based on telemetry locations plotted on grid maps depicting known soil contaminant concentrations. At the end of the study, all animals were in fair or good body condition at the time of necropsy. Mean ages of mule deer and white-tailed deer were 7.4 (range 4-12) and 10.6 years (range 5-17), respectively. At necropsy, tissues were collected from the deer for serology, histopathology, and analysis for eight chlorinated hydrocarbons and two metals. Detectable residues of mercury were found in the kidneys of 10 deer (range 0.055-0.096 ??g/g), dieldrin was found in fat (n = 9) (range 0.02-0.72 ??g/g), liver (n = 4) (range 0.017-0.12 ??g/g), and brain (n = 1, 0.018 ??g/g), and DDE was found in the muscle of one animal (0.02 ??g/g). Relative exposure estimates derived from telemetry and soil contamination data were correlated with tissue levels of dieldrin (p < 0.001) and mercury (p = 0.05). Two mule deer had severe testicular atrophy, and one of these animals also had antler deformities. The prevalence of antibodies against epizootic hemorrhagic disease serotype 2 was 85%.

Geospatial Extents

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Health status and relative exposure of mule deer and white-tailed deer to soil contaminants at the rocky mountain arsenal
Series title:
Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
DOI:
10.1897/1551-5028(1999)018<0272:HSAREO>2.3.CO;2
Volume
18
Issue:
2
Year Published:
1999
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
First page:
272
Last page:
278
Number of Pages:
7
Country:
USA
State:
CO
City:
Denver
Other Geospatial:
Rocky Mountain Arsenal
Online Only (Y/N):
N
Additional Online Files(Y/N):
N