A framework of risk assessment is elaborated for the evaluation of the effects of abandoned mines and mills. Steps in this process include environmental description, identification and characterization of sources, assessment of exposure, assessment of effects, risk characterization, and risk management of remediation. The development and use of ecological end-points for remediation is discussed in terms of the chemical constituents, toxicity tests and the biological community.
Additional publication details
Use of risk assessment to evaluate effects and plan remediation of abandoned mines
Larger Work Title:
Tailings and mine waste '00. Proceedings of the 7th international conference, Fort Collins, January 2000.
Proceedings of the 2000 seventh international conference on tailings and mine waste.