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Sulfate-reducing bacteria release barium and radium from naturally occurring radioactive material in oil-field barite

Geomicrobiology Journal

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Abstract

Scale and sludge deposits formed during oil production can contain elevated levels of Ra, often coprecipitated with barium sulfate (barite). The potential for sulfate-reducing bacteria to release 226 Ra and Ba (a Ra analog) from oil-field barite was evaluated. The concentration of dissolved Ba increased when samples containing pipe scale, tank sludge, or oil-field brine pond sediment were incubated with sulfate-reducing bacteria Desulfovibrio sp., Str LZKI, isolated from an oil-field brine pond. However, Ba release was not stoichiometric with sulfide production in oil-field samples, and <0.1% of the Ba was released. Potential for the release of 226Ra was demonstrated, and the 226 Ra release associated with sulfate-reducing activity was predictable from the amount of Ba released. As with Ba, only a fraction of the 226Ra expected from the amount of sulfide produced was released, and most of the Ra remained associated with the solid material.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Sulfate-reducing bacteria release barium and radium from naturally occurring radioactive material in oil-field barite
Series title:
Geomicrobiology Journal
Volume
18
Issue:
2
Year Published:
2001
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Geomicrobiology Journal
First page:
167
Last page:
182