thumbnail

Possible giant metamorphic core complex at the center of Artemis Corona, Venus

Geological Society of America Bulletin

By:

Links

  • The Publications Warehouse does not have links to digital versions of this publication at this time

Abstract

Hundreds of circular features on Venus known as coronae are characterized by annular fractures and commonly associated radial fractures and lava flows. Coronae are thought to have been produced by buoyant mantle diapirs that flatten and spread at the base of the lithosphere and cause fracturing, uplift, and magmatism. The interior of Artemis Corona, by far the largest corona at 2100 km diameter, is divided in half by a northeast-trending deformation belt that contains numerous rounded ridges resembling antiforms. The largest of these ridges, located at the center of Artemis Corona, is ???5 km high on its steep northwest flank where it is adjacent to a flat-bottomed, 10-km-wide trough interpreted as a rift valley. The 280-km-long antiformal ridge is marked by perpendicular grooves that cross the ???50-km-wide ridge and extend southeastward as far as 120 km across adjacent plains. The grooves abruptly terminate northwestward at the rift trough. The large antiformal ridge terminates southwestward at a transform shear zone that parallels the grooves. These features-rift valley, antiformal uplift, grooves, and transform shear zone-are morphologically and geometrically similar to grooved, elevated, submarine metamorphic core complexes on the inside corners of ridge-transform intersections of slow-spreading ridges on Earth. As with submarine core complexes, the grooved surface on Venus is interpreted as the footwall of a large-displacement normal fault, and the grooves are inferred to be the product of plastic molding of the footwall to irregularities on the underside of the hanging wall followed by tectonic exhumation of the molded grooves and conveyer-belt-like transport up and over the large antiform and across the southeastern plains. According to this interpretation, the trend of the grooves records the direction of extension, which is perpendicular to the thrusts at the leading edge of the annular thrust belt 1000 km to the southeast. Both may have formed at the same time as a result of uniform southeastward displacement of the southeastern half of the interior of Artemis Corona. The location of this grooved core complex at the center of Artemis Corona may reflect genesis above the bouyant, ascending tail of the corona-producing mantle diapir.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Possible giant metamorphic core complex at the center of Artemis Corona, Venus
Series title:
Geological Society of America Bulletin
Volume
113
Issue:
3
Year Published:
2001
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
First page:
333
Last page:
345
Number of Pages:
13