thumbnail

The structure of Yb3+ aquo ion and chloro complexes in aqueous solutions at up to 500 °C and 270 MPa

Journal of Physical Chemistry A

By:
, , , , and
DOI: 10.1021/jp020140q

Links

Abstract

We report here on X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) measurements used to determine the structure of the Yb3+ ion in aqueous solutions over a range of temperatures from 25 to 500 °C and pressures up to 270 MPa. Fluorescence Yb L3-edge spectra were collected separately from nitrate (0.006m Yb/0.16m HNO3) and chloride (0.006 m YbCl3/0.017 m HCl) aqueous solutions within a hydrothermal diamond anvil cell. The Yb−O distance of the Yb3+aquo ion in the nitrate solution exhibits a uniform reduction at a rate of 0.02 Å/100 °C, whereas the number of oxygens decreases from 8.3 ± 0.6 to 4.8 ± 0.7, in going from 25 to 500 °C. No evidence for nitrate complexes was found from measurements made on this solution. The Yb3+ is found to persist as an aquo ion up to 150 °C in the chloride aqueous solution. In the 300−500 °C range, chloro complexes are found to occur in the solution, most likely of the type Yb(H2O)δ-nCln+3-n (δ ≈ 7). The Yb−Cl distance of the chloro ytterbium(III) complexes is found to decrease uniformly at a rate of about 0.02 Å/100 °C, whereas the number of chlorines increases from 0.5 ± 0.3 to 1.8 ± 0.2 in the 300−500 °C temperature range. Conversely, the Yb−O distance undergoes a lower uniform reduction at a rate of 0.007 Å/100 °C, whereas the number of oxygens decreases from 8.3 ± 0.5 to 5.1 ± 0.3 in going from 25 to 500 °C in the same solution.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
The structure of Yb3+ aquo ion and chloro complexes in aqueous solutions at up to 500 °C and 270 MPa
Series title:
Journal of Physical Chemistry A
DOI:
10.1021/jp020140q
Volume
106
Issue:
28
Year Published:
2002
Language:
English
Publisher:
ACS Publications
Description:
9 p.
First page:
6591
Last page:
6599
Online Only (Y/N):
N
Additional Online Files(Y/N):
N