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In a desert area, it is difficult to couple geophones with dry sands. A low and depression velocity layer can seriously attenuate high frequency components of seismic data. Therefore, resolution and signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio of seismic data deteriorate. To enhance resolution and S/N ratio of seismic data, we designed a coupling compensatory inverse filter by using the single trace seismic data from Seismic Wave Detect System (SWDS) and common receivers on equal conditions. We designed an attenuating compensatory inverse filter by using seismic data from a microseismogram log. At last, in order to convert a shot gather from common receivers to a shot gather from SWDS, we applied the coupling compensatory inverse filter to the shot gather from common receivers. And then we applied the attenuating compensatory inverse filter to the coupling stacked seismic data to increase its resolution and S/N ratio. The results show that the resolution of seismic data from common receivers after processing by using the coupling compensatory inverse filter is nearly comparable with that of data from SWDS. It is also found that the resolution and S/N ratio have been enhanced after the use of attenuating compensatory inverse filter. From the results, we can conclude that the filters can compensate high frequencies of seismic data. Moreover, the low frequency changed nearly.
Additional Publication Details
Study on geophone coupling and attenuating compensatory of low-depression velocity layer in desert area
Number of Pages:
Progress in Environmental and Engineering Geophysics: Proceedings of the International Conference on Environmental and Engineering Geophysics, ICEEG 2004