Judy's Branch, a small basin (8.64 mi2) near Glen Carbon, Illinois, is selected as a pilot site to determine sediment yield and channel erosion of streams draining the bluffs of the American Bottoms in the Metro East area of Illinois. This paper presents results of an on-going sediment and geomorphic study in Judy's Branch. The average suspended-sediment yield from two upland sub-basins (drainage area equals 0.23 and 0.40 miles2) is 851 tons/mile2-year between October 2000 and September 2003. The suspended-sediment yield at the Route 157 gage (2,188 tons/mile 2-year) (near outlet of the watershed; drainage area = 8.33 miles2) is approximately 1300 tons/mile2-year greater than the average of the upland gages for the same time period. This result is unexpected in that generally the suspended-sediment yield decreases as the watershed area increases because of sediment being stored in the channel and floodplain. The difference indicates a possible increase in yield from a source, such as streambank erosion, and supports the theory that land-use changes increase streamflows that may result in higher rates of streambank erosion. The best estimate of sediment yield from streambank erosion is 1,009 tons/mile 2-year at Route 157. This value is obtained utilizing both bank-rod data and resurveyed cross-section data.
Additional Publication Details
St. Louis Metro East region sediment and geomorphic study
Larger Work Title:
Proceedings of the 2004 World Water and Environmetal Resources Congress: Critical Transitions in Water and Environmetal Resources Management
2004 World Water and Environmental Resources Congress: Critical Transitions in Water and Environmental Resources Management