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Comparison of clast and matrix dispersal in till: Charlo-Atholville area, north-central New Brunswick

Atlantic Geology

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Abstract

Striations and dispersal patterns for till clasts and matrix geochemistry are used to define flow directions of glacial transport across an area of about 800km2 in the Charlo-Atholville area of north-central New Brunswick. A total of 170 clast samples and 328 till matrix samples collected for geochemical analysis across the region, were analyzed for a total of 39 elements. Major lithologic contacts used here to delineate till clast provenance were based on recent bedrock mapping. Eleven known mineral occurrences and a gossan are used to define point source targets for matrix geochemical dispersal trains and to estimate probable distance and direction of transport from unknown sources. Clast trains are traceable for distances of approximately 10 km, whereas till geochemical dispersal patterns are commonly lost within 5 km of transport. Most dispersal patterns reflect more than a single direction of glacial transport. These data indicate that a single till sheet, 1-4 m thick, was deposited as the dominant ice-flow direction fluctuated between southeastward, eastward, and northward over the study area. Directions of early flow represent changes in ice sheet dominance, first from the northwest and then from the west. Locally, eastward and northward flow represent the maximum erosive phases. The last directions of flow are likely due to late glacial ice sheet drawdown towards the valley outlet at Baie des Chaleurs.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Comparison of clast and matrix dispersal in till: Charlo-Atholville area, north-central New Brunswick
Series title:
Atlantic Geology
Volume
40
Issue:
2-3
Year Published:
2004
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Atlantic Geology
First page:
227
Last page:
243
Number of Pages:
17