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Numerical simulation of saltwater intrusion in response to sea-level rise

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,
DOI: 10.1061/40792(173)376

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Abstract

A two dimensional numerical model of variable-density groundwater flow and dispersive solute transport was used to predict the extent, rate, and lag time of saltwater intrusion in response to various sea-level rise scenarios. Three simulations were performed with varying rates of sea-level rise. For the first simulation, sea-level rise was specified at a rate of 0.9 mm/yr, which is the slowest rate of sea-level rise estimated by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). After 100 years, the 250 mg/L chloride isochlor moved inland by about 40 m, and required an additional 8 years for the system to reach equilibrium. For the next simulation, sea-level rise was specified at 4.8 mm/yr, which is the central value of the IPCC estimate. For this moderate rate of sea-level rise, the 250 mg/L isochlor moved inland by about 740 m after 100 years, and required an additional 10 years for the system to reach equilibrium. For the fastest rate of sea level rise estimated by IPCC (8.8 mm/yr), the 250 mg/L isochlor moved inland by about 1800 m after 100 years, and required more than 50 years to reach equilibrium. Copyright ASCE 2005.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Conference Paper
Publication Subtype:
Conference Paper
Title:
Numerical simulation of saltwater intrusion in response to sea-level rise
ISBN:
0784407924; 9780784407929
DOI:
10.1061/40792(173)376
Year Published:
2005
Language:
English
First page:
376
Conference Title:
2005 World Water and Environmental Resources Congress
Conference Location:
Anchorage, AK
Conference Date:
15 May 2005 through 19 May 2005