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??30Si systematics in a granitic saprolite, Puerto Rico

Geology

By:
, , , and
DOI: 10.1130/G21707.1

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Abstract

Granite weathering and clay mineral formation impart distinct and interpretable Si isotope (??30Si) signatures to their solid and aqueous products. Within a saprolite, clay minerals have ??30Si values ???2.0??? more negative than their parent mineral and the ??30Si signature of the bulk solid is determined by the ratio of primary to secondary minerals. Mineral-specific weathering reactions predominate at different depths, driving changes in differing ??30Siporewater values. At the bedrock-saprolite interface, dissolution of plagioclase and hornblende creates ??30 Siporewater signatures more positive than granite by up to 1.2???; these reactions are the main contributor of Si to stream water and determine its ??30Si value. Throughout the saprolite, biotite weathering releases Si to pore waters but kaolinite overgrowth formation modulates its contribution to pore-water Si. The influence of biotite on ??30Siporewater is greatest near the bedrock where biotite-derived Si mixes with bulk pore water prior to kaolinite formation. Higher in the saprolite, biotite grains have become more isolated by kaolinite overgrowth, which consumes biotite-derived Si that would otherwise influence ??30Siporewater. Because of this isolation, which shifts the dominant source of pore-water Si from biotite to quartz, ??30Siporewater values are more negative than granite by up to 1.3??? near the top of the saprolite. ?? 2005 Geological Society of America.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
??30Si systematics in a granitic saprolite, Puerto Rico
Series title:
Geology
DOI:
10.1130/G21707.1
Volume
33
Issue:
10
Year Published:
2005
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Geology
First page:
817
Last page:
820
Number of Pages:
4