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Urine-marking and ground-scratching by free-ranging Arctic Wolves, Canis lupus arctos, in summer

Canadian Field-Naturalist

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Abstract

Urine-marking and ground-scratching were observed in an Arctic Wolf (Canis lupus) pack on Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, Canada, during 16 summers between 1986 and 2005. All previously known urination postures and ground-scratching by breeding males and females were seen, and incidence of marking and scratching was greatest when non-pack wolves were present. Observations of urine-marking of food remains supported the conclusion from a captive Wolf study that such marking signals lack of edible food.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Urine-marking and ground-scratching by free-ranging Arctic Wolves, Canis lupus arctos, in summer
Series title:
Canadian Field-Naturalist
Volume
120
Issue:
4
Year Published:
2006
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Canadian Field-Naturalist
First page:
466
Last page:
470
Number of Pages:
5