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Large-scale movements and habitat characteristics of king eiders throughout the nonbreeding period

Condor

By:
, ,
DOI: 10.1650/0010-5422(2006)108[887:LMAHCO]2.0.CO;2

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Abstract

King Eiders (Somateria spectabilis) breeding in western Canada and Alaska molt wing feathers and spend the winter in remote areas of the Bering Sea, precluding direct observation. To characterize timing of migration and habitat used by King Eiders during the nonbreeding period, we collected location data for 60 individuals (27 females and 33 males) over three years from satellite telemetry and utilized oceanographic information obtained by remote sensing. Male King Eiders dispersed from breeding areas, arrived at wing molt sites, and dispersed from wing molt sites earlier than females in all years. Males arriving earlier at wing molt sites molted flight feathers at higher latitudes. Distributions of molt and winter locations did not differ by sex or among years. Of the variables considered for analysis, distance to shore, water depth, and salinity appeared to best describe King Eider habitat throughout the nonbreeding period. King Eiders were located closer to shore, in shallower water with lower salinity than random locations. During the winter, lower ice concentrations were also associated with King Eider locations. This study provides some of the first large-scale descriptions of King Eider migration and habitat outside the breeding season. ?? The Cooper Ornithological Society 2006.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Large-scale movements and habitat characteristics of king eiders throughout the nonbreeding period
Series title:
Condor
DOI:
10.1650/0010-5422(2006)108[887:LMAHCO]2.0.CO;2
Volume
108
Issue:
4
Year Published:
2006
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
First page:
887
Last page:
900
Number of Pages:
14