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A whole image approach using field measurements for transforming EO1 Hyperion hyperspectral data into canopy reflectance spectra

International Journal of Remote Sensing

By:
,
DOI: 10.1080/0431160512331326729

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Abstract

To maximize the spectral distinctiveness (information) of the canopy reflectance, an atmospheric correction strategy was implemented to provide accurate estimates of the intrinsic reflectance from the Earth Observing 1 (EO1) satellite Hyperion sensor signal. In rendering the canopy reflectance, an estimate of optical depth derived from a measurement of downwelling irradiance was used to drive a radiative transfer simulation of atmospheric scattering and attenuation. During the atmospheric model simulation, the input whole-terrain background reflectance estimate was changed to minimize the differences between the model predicted and the observed canopy reflectance spectra at 34 sites. Lacking appropriate spectrally invariant scene targets, inclusion of the field and predicted comparison maximized the model accuracy and, thereby, the detail and precision in the canopy reflectance necessary to detect low percentage occurrences of invasive plants. After accounting for artifacts surrounding prominent absorption features from about 400nm to 1000nm, the atmospheric adjustment strategy correctly explained 99% of the observed canopy reflectance spectra variance. Separately, model simulation explained an average of 88%??9% of the observed variance in the visible and 98% ?? 1% in the near-infrared wavelengths. In the 34 model simulations, maximum differences between the observed and predicted reflectances were typically less than ?? 1% in the visible; however, maximum reflectance differences higher than ?? 1.6% (

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
A whole image approach using field measurements for transforming EO1 Hyperion hyperspectral data into canopy reflectance spectra
Series title:
International Journal of Remote Sensing
DOI:
10.1080/0431160512331326729
Volume
26
Issue:
8
Year Published:
2005
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
International Journal of Remote Sensing
First page:
1589
Last page:
1610
Number of Pages:
22