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Evaluating mixed samples as a source of error in non-invasive genetic studies using microsatellites

Molecular Ecology

By:
, , ,
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2004.02385.x

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Abstract

The use of noninvasive genetic sampling (NGS) for surveying wild populations is increasing rapidly. Currently, only a limited number of studies have evaluated potential biases associated with NGS. This paper evaluates the potential errors associated with analysing mixed samples drawn from multiple animals. Most NGS studies assume that mixed samples will be identified and removed during the genotyping process. We evaluated this assumption by creating 128 mixed samples of extracted DNA from brown bear (Ursus arctos) hair samples. These mixed samples were genotyped and screened for errors at six microsatellite loci according to protocols consistent with those used in other NGS studies. Five mixed samples produced acceptable genotypes after the first screening. However, all mixed samples produced multiple alleles at one or more loci, amplified as only one of the source samples, or yielded inconsistent electropherograms by the final stage of the error-checking process. These processes could potentially reduce the number of individuals observed in NGS studies, but errors should be conservative within demographic estimates. Researchers should be aware of the potential for mixed samples and carefully design gel analysis criteria and error checking protocols to detect mixed samples.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Evaluating mixed samples as a source of error in non-invasive genetic studies using microsatellites
Series title:
Molecular Ecology
DOI:
10.1111/j.1365-294X.2004.02385.x
Volume
14
Issue:
1
Year Published:
2005
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
First page:
195
Last page:
201
Number of Pages:
7