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Producing ammonium sulfate from flue gas desulfurization by-products

Energy Sources

By:
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DOI: 10.1080/00908310490479510

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Abstract

Emission control technologies using flue gas desulfurization (FGD) have been widely adopted by utilities burning high-sulfur fuels. However, these technologies require additional equipment, greater operating expenses, and increased costs for landfill disposal of the solid by-products produced. The financial burdens would be reduced if successful high-volume commercial applications of the FGD solid by-products were developed. In this study, the technical feasibility of producing ammonium sulfate from FGD residues by allowing it to react with ammonium carbonate in an aqueous solution was preliminarily assessed. Reaction temperatures of 60, 70, and 80??C and residence times of 4 and 6 hours were tested to determine the optimal conversion condition and final product evaluations. High yields (up to 83%) of ammonium sulfate with up to 99% purity were achieved under relatively mild conditions. The optimal conversion condition was observed at 60??C and a 4-hour residence time. The results of this study indicate the technical feasibility of producing ammonium sulfate fertilizer from an FGD by-product. Copyright ?? Taylor & Francis Inc.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Producing ammonium sulfate from flue gas desulfurization by-products
Series title:
Energy Sources
DOI:
10.1080/00908310490479510
Volume
27
Issue:
11
Year Published:
2005
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Energy Sources
First page:
1061
Last page:
1071
Number of Pages:
11