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Reconstruction of historical atmospheric deposition of DDT in the Zempoala Lagoon, in the center of Mexico [Reconstruccio??n de la deposicio??n atmosfe??rica histo??rica de DDT en la laguna de Zempoala en el centro de Me??xico]

Ingenieria Hidraulica en Mexico

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Abstract

Historical trend in deposition of DDT and its metabolites has been reconstructed by analyzing sediment cores of the Zempoala Lagoon, in the center of Mexico. The small watershed of this mountain lagoon is closed, and it is located between 2.800 and 3.700 masl. It is neither affected by agriculture nor by permanent populations. The Zempoala Lagoon has an average depth of 3.9 m and a maximum depth of 8.8 m. Sediments were extracted with a core sampler and analyzed by isotope methods (137Cs and 210Pb) for dating. Average sedimentation rate was determined in 0.129 g cm-2 yr1, corresponding to a maximum age of the 44 cm core of approximately 60 years. The first presence of total-DDT occurs in a depth between 28 and 32 cm of the sediment profile, corresponding to the 1960's, with a concentration of 5.3 ??g kg-1. The maximum concentration of total-DDT (13.0 ??g kg-1) occurs in sediment layers representing the late 1970's and beginning 1980's. More recently the concentration decreases towards the present concentration of 1.6 ??g kg-1. This concentration is below most DDT levels reported in recent sediment studies in the USA. The results indicate that the Zempoala Lagoon represents a natural recipient for studies of the reconstruction of historical trends of atmospheric contaminant deposition in this region. The limitations of the methodology applied, due to the influence of biodegradation on the definition of correct historical concentrations of DDT depositions, are demonstrated.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Reconstruction of historical atmospheric deposition of DDT in the Zempoala Lagoon, in the center of Mexico [Reconstruccio??n de la deposicio??n atmosfe??rica histo??rica de DDT en la laguna de Zempoala en el centro de Me??xico]
Series title:
Ingenieria Hidraulica en Mexico
Volume
20
Issue:
3
Year Published:
2005
Language:
Spanish
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Ingenieria Hidraulica en Mexico
First page:
71
Last page:
83
Number of Pages:
13