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Long-term perspectives on giant earthquakes and tsunamis at subduction zones

Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences

By:
and
Edited by:
Jeanloz R.Albee A.L.Burke K.C.Freeman K.H.
DOI: 10.1146/annurev.earth.35.031306.140302

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Abstract

Histories of earthquakes and tsunamis, inferred from geological evidence, aid in anticipating future catastrophes. This natural warning system now influences building codes and tsunami planning in the United States, Canada, and Japan, particularly where geology demonstrates the past occurrence of earthquakes and tsunamis larger than those known from written and instrumental records. Under favorable circumstances, paleoseismology can thus provide long-term advisories of unusually large tsunamis. The extraordinary Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004 resulted from a fault rupture more than 1000 km in length that included and dwarfed fault patches that had broken historically during lesser shocks. Such variation in rupture mode, known from written history at a few subduction zones, is also characteristic of earthquake histories inferred from geology on the Pacific Rim. Copyright ?? 2007 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Long-term perspectives on giant earthquakes and tsunamis at subduction zones
Series title:
Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences
ISBN:
0824320352; 9780824320355
DOI:
10.1146/annurev.earth.35.031306.140302
Volume
35
Year Published:
2007
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences
First page:
349
Last page:
374