Slug and pumping tests (hydraulic tests) are frequently used by hydrogeologists to obtain in-situ estimates of the transmissive and storage properties of a formation (Streltsova, 1988; Kruseman and de Ridder, 1990; Butler, 1998). In aquifers of high hydraulic conductivity, hydraulic tests are affected by mechanisms that are not considered in the analysis of tests in less permeable media (Bredehoeft et al., 1966). Inertia-induced oscillations in hydraulic head are the most common manifestation of such mechanisms. Over the last three decades, a number of analytical solutions that incorporate these mechanisms have been developed for the analysis of hydraulic tests in highly permeable aquifers (see Butler and Zhan (2004) for a review of this previous work). These solutions, however, are restricted to a subset of the conditions commonly encountered in the field. Recently, a more general solution has been developed that builds on this previous work to remove many of the limitations imposed by these earlier approaches (Butler and Zhan, 2004). The purpose of this note is to present a Fortran 90 program, KGS-HighK, for the evaluation of this new solution. This note begins with a brief overview of the conceptual model that motivated the development of the solution of Butler and Zhan (2004) for pumping- and slug-induced flow to/from a central well. The major steps in the derivation of that solution are described, but no details are given. Instead, a Mathematica notebook is provided for those interested in the derivation details. The key algorithms used in KGS-HighK are then described and the program structure is briefly outlined. A field example is provided to demonstrate program performance. The note concludes with a short summary section. ?? 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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KGS-HighK: A Fortran 90 program for simulation of hydraulic tests in highly permeable aquifers