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Identification and regulatory analysis of rainbow trout tapasin and tapasin-related genes

Immunogenetics

By:
, , , , ,
DOI: 10.1007/s00251-005-0070-5

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Abstract

Tapasin (TAPBP) is a key member of MHC class Ia antigen-loading complexes, bridging the class Ia molecule to the transporter associated with antigen presentation (TAP). As part of an ongoing study of MHC genomics in rainbow trout, we have identified two rainbow trout TAPBP genes (Onmy-TAPBP.a and .b) and a similar but distinct TAPBP-related gene (Onmy-TAPBP-R) that had previously only been described in mammals. Physical and genetic mapping indicate that Onmy-TAPBP.a is on chromosome 18 in the MHC class Ia region and that Onmy-TAPBP.b resides on chromosome 14 in the MHC class Ib region. There are also at least two copies of TAPBP-R, Onmy-TAPBP-R.a and Onmy-TAPBP-R.b, located on chromosomes 2 and 3, respectively. Due to the central role of TAPBP expression during acute viral infection, we have characterized the transcriptional profile and regulatory regions for both Onmy-TAPBP and Onmy-TAPBP-R. Transcription of both genes increased during acute infection with infectious hematapoeitic necrosis virus (IHNV) in a fashion indicative of interferon-mediated regulation. Promoter-reporter assays in STE-137 cells demonstrate that the trout TAPBP and TAPBP-R promoters respond to interferon regulatory factors, Onmy-IRF1 and Onmy-IRF2. Overall, TAPBP is expressed at higher levels than TAPBP-R in nai??ve tissues and TAPBP transcription is more responsive to viral infection and IRF1 and 2 binding. ?? Springer-Verlag 2006.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Identification and regulatory analysis of rainbow trout tapasin and tapasin-related genes
Series title:
Immunogenetics
DOI:
10.1007/s00251-005-0070-5
Volume
58
Issue:
1
Year Published:
2006
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Immunogenetics
First page:
56
Last page:
69
Number of Pages:
14