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Coal and cremation at the Tschudi burn, Chan Chan, Northern Peru

Archaeometry

By:
, , , ,
DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-4754.2007.00358.x

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Abstract

Analyses of a 20-30 cm thick, completely combusted ash at the 25 ?? 70 m Tschudi burn at Chan Chan, northern Peru??, contain 52-55 wt% SiO2, 180-210 ppm zirconium and are consistent with coal ash. Soil geochemistry across the burn showed elevated calcium and phosphorus content, possible evidence for reported human cremation. A calcined, 5 g, 4.5 cm skull fragment recovered from the burn was confirmed as human by protein radioimmunoassay (pRIA). X-ray diffraction showed that the bone had been heated to 520??C. The burn took place c. ad 1312-1438 based on interpretation of a 14C date on carbonized plant tinder. ?? 2008 University of Oxford.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Coal and cremation at the Tschudi burn, Chan Chan, Northern Peru
Series title:
Archaeometry
DOI:
10.1111/j.1475-4754.2007.00358.x
Volume
50
Issue:
3
Year Published:
2008
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
First page:
495
Last page:
515
Number of Pages:
21