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Testing small-aperture array analysis on well-located earthquakes, and application to the location of deep tremor

Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America

By:
, , , , ,
DOI: 10.1785/0120060185

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Abstract

We have here analyzed local and regional earthquakes using array techniques with the double aim of quantifying the errors associated with the estimation of propagation parameters of seismic signals and testing the suitability of a probabilistic location method for the analysis of nonimpulsive signals. We have applied the zero-lag cross-correlation method to earthquakes recorded by three dense arrays in Puget Sound and Vancouver Island to estimate the slowness and back azimuth of direct P waves and S waves. The results are compared with the slowness and back azimuth computed from the source location obtained by the analysis of data recorded by the Pacific Northwest seismic network (PNSN). This comparison has allowed a quantification of the errors associated with the estimation of slowness and back azimuth obtained through the analysis of array data. The statistical analysis gives ??BP = 10?? and ??BS = 8?? as standard deviations for the back azimuth and ??SP = 0.021 sec/km and ??SS = 0.033 sec /km for the slowness results of the P and S phases, respectively. These values are consistent with the theoretical relationship between slowness and back azimuth and their uncertainties. We have tested a probabilistic source location method on the local earthquakes based on the use of the slowness estimated for two or three arrays without taking into account travel-time information. Then we applied the probabilistic method to the deep, nonvolcanic tremor recorded by the arrays during July 2004. The results of the tremor location using the probabilistic method are in good agreement with those obtained by other techniques. The wide depth range, of between 10 and 70 km, and the source migration with time are evident in our results. The method is useful for locating the source of signals characterized by the absence of pickable seismic phases.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Testing small-aperture array analysis on well-located earthquakes, and application to the location of deep tremor
Series title:
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America
DOI:
10.1785/0120060185
Volume
98
Issue:
2
Year Published:
2008
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
First page:
620
Last page:
635
Number of Pages:
16