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Transient deterministic shallow landslide modeling: Requirements for susceptibility and hazard assessments in a GIS framework

Engineering Geology

By:
, , , , , and
DOI: 10.1016/j.enggeo.2008.03.019

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Abstract

Application of transient deterministic shallow landslide models over broad regions for hazard and susceptibility assessments requires information on rainfall, topography and the distribution and properties of hillside materials. We survey techniques for generating the spatial and temporal input data for such models and present an example using a transient deterministic model that combines an analytic solution to assess the pore-pressure response to rainfall infiltration with an infinite-slope stability calculation. Pore-pressures and factors of safety are computed on a cell-by-cell basis and can be displayed or manipulated in a grid-based GIS. Input data are high-resolution (1.8??m) topographic information derived from LiDAR data and simple descriptions of initial pore-pressure distribution and boundary conditions for a study area north of Seattle, Washington. Rainfall information is taken from a previously defined empirical rainfall intensity-duration threshold and material strength and hydraulic properties were measured both in the field and laboratory. Results are tested by comparison with a shallow landslide inventory. Comparison of results with those from static infinite-slope stability analyses assuming fixed water-table heights shows that the spatial prediction of shallow landslide susceptibility is improved using the transient analyses; moreover, results can be depicted in terms of the rainfall intensity and duration known to trigger shallow landslides in the study area.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Transient deterministic shallow landslide modeling: Requirements for susceptibility and hazard assessments in a GIS framework
Series title:
Engineering Geology
DOI:
10.1016/j.enggeo.2008.03.019
Volume
102
Issue:
3-4
Year Published:
2008
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Engineering Geology
First page:
214
Last page:
226