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The need for integration of drought monitoring tools for proactive food security management in sub-Saharan Africa

Natural Resources Forum

By:
, , , , and
DOI: 10.1111/j.1477-8947.2008.00211.x

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Abstract

Reducing the impact of drought and famine remains a challenge in sub-Saharan Africa despite ongoing drought relief assistance in recent decades. This is because drought and famine are primarily addressed through a crisis management approach when a disaster occurs, rather than stressing preparedness and risk management. Moreover, drought planning and food security efforts have been hampered by a lack of integrated drought monitoring tools, inadequate early warning systems (EWS), and insufficient information flow within and between levels of government in many sub-Saharan countries. The integration of existing drought monitoring tools for sub-Saharan Africa is essential for improving food security systems to reduce the impacts of drought and famine on society in this region. A proactive approach emphasizing integration requires the collective use of multiple tools, which can be used to detect trends in food availability and provide early indicators at local, national, and regional scales on the likely occurrence of food crises. In addition, improving the ability to monitor and disseminate critical drought-related information using available modern technologies (e.g., satellites, computers, and modern communication techniques) may help trigger timely and appropriate preventive responses and, ultimately, contribute to food security and sustainable development in sub-Saharan Africa. ?? 2008 United Nations.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
The need for integration of drought monitoring tools for proactive food security management in sub-Saharan Africa
Series title:
Natural Resources Forum
DOI:
10.1111/j.1477-8947.2008.00211.x
Volume
32
Issue:
4
Year Published:
2008
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Natural Resources Forum
First page:
265
Last page:
279